Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University

Devoted to Prosperity of Agriculture and Farmers

Castor and Mustard Research Station, Sardarkrushinagar

Introduction

Year of establishment: 1978

  The Research Station is located at the Headquarters of Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar and dealing with the research activities of two important oil seeds crops of North Gujarat- castor and mustard.

     The research in these crops is being carried out in Gujarat since early 70S and attained commendable achievements. The research work on these crops was started at Sardarkrushinagar since 1978 consequent upon the transfer of Castor Research Project from G.A.U., Vijapur and Mustard Project from G.A.U., Manud. The activities were further intensified and strengthened with the formation of separate Research Unit clubbing the research projects of these two crops at Sardarkrushinagar.

    Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is an important non-edible oilseed crop of the arid and semi arid regions of the world, wherein India has the maximum area and production under this crop. Other important castor producing countries are China, Brazil, Russia and Thailand. In Gujarat, the crop is grown in an area of 8.27 lakh hectares with a total production of 17.04 lakh tones and productivity 2060 kg/ha (2012-13). The country exported castor seeds, oil and castor based derivatives of worth more than Rs.5000 crores 2013-14. Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Orissa and Karnataka are major castor producing states in India.

   The University is pioneer in the development and release of hybrids where in the first ever castor hybrid, GCH 3 was released for general cultivation in 1968-69. There after 4 more hybrids, viz; GAUCH 1, GCH 2, GCH 4 and GCH 5 have been developed and released for general cultivation in the state. Recently, a nematode-wilt complex higher yielding hybrid, GCH 7, was released. Besides improved production technologies and plant protection measures for the control of pests and diseases have also been developed and recommended which have helped in increasing the productivity of the crop from 352 kg/ha (1966-70) to 2060 kg/ha (2012-13) in the state.

    Mustard is the important oil seed crop in India after groundnut. These crops account for 22.7% of total oil seed production and 19.2% of the total cropped area in the country. Mustard oil is the ideal edible oil after sesamum. It contains mono and poly unsaturated fatty acids in enough quality which is healthier for human. These are remarkable increase in the production and productivity of rapeseed mustard during the last 20 years. In Gujarat in the year 2012-13 mustard is grown in 2.10 lakh ha in area of 3.40 lakh tones of total production with 1619 kg/ha productivity. Looking to the importance of this oil seed crop, this centre has been established in 1976 at Sardarkrushinagar for research on short duration, early maturity and high productive varieties, which is highly needed in Gujarat where water stress condition is common. The success of mustard cultivation in our state could be attributed to the development and release of improved varieties viz., PM 67, Varuna, GM 1, GM 2 and GM 3 and GDM 4, improved production technology, effective plant protection measures to control the pest and diseases and their high rate of adoption by the farmers. There is still very good scope to increase the area in kyari land, water logged area during kharif, Kutch and Saurashtra regions and in view of high productivity, the crop has excellent future in the state.