Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University

Devoted to Prosperity of Agriculture and Farmers

Sorghum Research Station, Deesa

Introduction

Year of Establishment : 1961

   The Sorghum Research station Deesa is situated at 20 km away from Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, 30 km from Palanpur Railway Station and 170 km from Ahmedabad International Air Port on the National Highway No. 14 (Radhanpur to Beawar). It is a Taluka place in the district of Banaskantha. It lies at latitude of 24.5° N and longitude 72° E and at an elevation of 136 M above the Mean Sea Level. Centre is located under North Gujarat Agro climatic zone IV with arid and semi-arid climatic conditions having hot dry summers (May –June, 45°C) and moderate winters (December – January, 10°-12° C). The temperature starts rising during February and reaches at the maximum in the month of May June with high wind velocity. The South west monsoon rains starts in last week of June and extend up to September with average rainfall of 350-400 mm. The soil of this research station is sandy and very poor in organic matter with low moisture retention capacity. The pH of the soil is about 7.8, 8.0 the cultivated area of the farm is 16. 20 ha, while 2.40 ha is under roads & buildings. Total area of the farm is 18.20 ha. The main objective is to cater the needs of Sorghum growing farmers of North Gujarat. Sorghum Research Station, S.D. Agricultural University, Deesa came into existence in the year 1961 Subsequently in the year 1987, two more schemes have been sanctioned one each by Gujarat Agricultural University and Indian Council of Agricultural Research. The centre assisted to main sorghum research station Surat for recommandation of dual and forage sorghum varieties viz., GFS-4, GFS-5, GJ-38 and GJ-39 and CSV 21 F. Out of these cultivars GJ-39, GFS 4 and GFS-5 for North Gujarat. Farmers adopting the recommendations generated by the centre. The local variety-Malvan is grown by the farmers by middle of monsoon which is poor yielder and highly photo-thermo sensitive, but for the efficient use of water for getting higher production Sorghum varieties GJ 39, GFS 5 and CSV 21F have been accepted by the farmers which are not only high yielder but resistance to major pests and diseases and suitable under drought condition. In Kutchh, sorghum is becoming main source of fodder to feed the dairy cattle. The variety GFS 4, which flowers within 45 days is accepted by the farmers. This variety is producing higher green and dry fodder in unit time and unit area. Variety GFS 5, showed good performance in North Gujarat as well as in Kutchh. CSV 21F recently identified National variety gives 20% higher green and dry fodder yield then older and it content very low HCN also accepted by the Farmers of North Gujarat.