Sardarkrushinagar was the main campus of Gujarat Agricultural University came into existence in the year 1972. Now it comes under Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University. Sardarkrushinagar is located in North Gujarat Agro climatic zone (Zone-IV) which covers 12% of the total area of the state. North Gujarat Agro climatic zone falls under semi-arid region which receives the average annual rainfall of about 550 mm. Soils of this region are low in organic carbon and available Nitrogen and low to medium in available P2O5, K2O, Zn and Fe.
The AICRP for dry land agriculture came in to existence as a sub centre at Anand on November 1970 and it was then shifted to Sardarkrushinagar on May 1979. Further it was elevated as a main centre during 1984. Rainfall being inadequate, uncertain and erratic as well the soil is being loamy sand with low moisture retention capacity, the dry farming in such soils of north Gujarat unassured and unpredicted.
The water management project was initiated in 1991 at former Regional Research Station, Sardarkrushinagar with a view to efficient use of water through micro irrigation system like, sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation and use of plastic mulch in major crops of north Gujarat